In unserer Liquid Feedback Instanz wurde Thema 785 abgestimmt. Diese Seite soll das Abstimmungsergebnis näher erklären.

Hinweis

  • Diese Seite hat zwei Ziele:
    1. Zum einen soll sie eine unabhängige und nachprüfbare Instanz sein, bei der die Ergebnisse von Liquid Feedback selbstständig aus den Abstimmungsdaten berechnet werden können, damit kein Vertrauen in diesen Aspekt von Liquid Feedback notwendig ist.
    2. Zum anderen soll das Abstimmungsergebnis möglichst verständlich aufbereitet werden und am konkreten Beispiel die benutzten Verfahren erklären.
  • Diese Aufbereitung ist noch in einem frühen Stadium. Weder die Erklärungen noch die Berechnungen sind vollständig zufriedenstellend. Für konstruktive Hinweise per Mail an niels.lohmann@piraten-mv.de freue ich mich sehr.
  • Die Reiter „Rohdaten“ und „Quelle“ sollen in Zukunft beschreiben, wie man an die hier aufbereiteten Daten und Ergebnisse kommen kann. Eine genauere Beschreibung sowie eine Veröffentlichung des Scriptes, das diese Seiten erstellt, steht noch aus.
  • Die hier gezeigte Umsetzung der Schulze-Methode entspricht nicht den in den jeweiligen Wikipedia-Artikeln beschrieben Verfahren, wo bei der Bestimmung der stärksten Wege ein anderer Vergleichsoperator genutzt wird. Eine genauere Beschreibung der Unterschiede steht aus. Mehr Details lassen sich auf der LQFB-Website bzw. gleich im Paper von Markus Schulze finden.
  • Die hier gezeigte Umsetzung der Schulze-Methode entspricht nicht vollständig dem in Liquid Feedback verwendeten Verfahren. Es ist also durchaus möglich (und bekannt), dass die hier beschriebenen Abstimmungsergebnisse nicht notwendigerweise mit denen in Liquid Feedback übereinstimmen. Ich stehe mit den Entwicklern in Kontakt, um dies zu ändern. Insbesondere verwendet Liquid Feedback ein Verfahren um stets eine vollständige Ordnung (statt nur einer Halbordnung) zu erreichen. Da die zuerst verwendete Umsetzung einen Fehler hatte und die nun verwendete Umsetzung undemokratisch ist (d.h. die Initiative mit der geringsten Id bevorzugt), habe ich mich dazu entschlossen, abzuwarten wie dieses Problem gelöst wird.
  • Definitiv in Planung ist ein Vergleich des Endergebnisses mit den abgegebenen Stimmen. Vielleicht lässt sich quantifizieren, inwieweit das Abstimmungsergebnis den Mehrheitswillen abbildet. Ebenso wäre es wünschenswert, weitere Eigenschaften des Wahlverfahrens (z.B. Clone-Proofness) zu beschreiben.

Initiativen

Es standen 1 Initiativen im Bereich Innen, Recht, Demokratie, Sicherheit zur Abstimmung:

Im folgenden werden die Initiativen nur noch mit ihrer Nummer beschrieben.

SELECT area_id, fully_frozen, closed FROM issue WHERE (id = '785') ORDER BY id
SELECT name FROM area WHERE (id = 2) ORDER BY id
SELECT id, name FROM initiative WHERE (issue_id = '785' AND admitted = true) ORDER BY id
issue
Groups of initiatives
area
Subject areas
initiative
Group of members publishing drafts for resolutions to be passed; Frontends must ensure that initiatives of half_frozen issues are not revoked, and that initiatives of fully_frozen or closed issues are neither revoked nor created.
(2, datetime.datetime(2011, 10, 24, 15, 2, 27, 188095, tzinfo=psycopg2.tz.FixedOffsetTimezone(offset=120, name=None)), datetime.datetime(2011, 11, 8, 15, 5, 35, 425847, tzinfo=psycopg2.tz.FixedOffsetTimezone(offset=60, name=None)))
('Innen, Recht, Demokratie, Sicherheit',)
(1612, 'Grundsatzprogramm Religion - Trennung von Stadt und Kirche')

Abstimmung

Die Abstimmung fand von Montag, den 24. Oktober 2011 bis Dienstag, den 08. November 2011 statt.

Es haben 968 Mitglieder mit insgesamt 1161 Stimmen abgestimmt.

Falls es mehr Stimmen als Mitglieder gibt, entstammen die zusätzlichen Stimmen Delegationen. Falls ein Mitglied beispielsweise mit zwei eingehenden Delegationen abgestimmt hat, wird dies im folgenden wie zwei zusätzliche gleiche abgegebene Stimmen behandelt.

SELECT member_id, weight FROM direct_voter WHERE (issue_id = '785')
direct_voter
Members having directly voted for/against initiatives of an issue; Frontends must ensure that no voters are added or removed to/from this table when the issue has been closed.
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Stimmzettel

Liquid Feedback benutzt bei der Abstimmung eine sogenannte Präferenzwahl. Dabei können neben der Zustimmung und Ablehnung der zur Abstimmung stehenden Initiativen Präferenzen zum Ausdruck gebracht werden (Favorit, erster Ersatzwunsch, …).

Die Abstimmungen im Liquid Feedback sind öffentlich. Im folgenden stellt jede Zeile einen abgegebenen Stimmzettel dar. Die farbig hinterlegten Zahlen geben die gewünschte Reihenfolge der Initiativen wieder: Initiativen mit einer höheren Zahl werden gegenüber Initiativen mit einer geringeren Zahl bevorzugt. Initiativen mit gleicher Zahl sind nicht geordnet. Grüne Zahlen entsprechen Zustimmung, rote Zahlen entsprechen Ablehnung.

  • 1 1612×962
  • -1 1612×91
  • 0 1612×90

Wie beschrieben wurden Stimmen entsprechend des Stimmgewichtes durch eingehende Delegationen wiederholt. Um Platz zu sparen, wird jeder unterschiedliche Wahlzettel nur einmal angezeigt - der Wert am Ende der Zeile gibt an, wie viele gleich ausgefüllt Wahlzettel es gibt.

Der Wert der bunt hinterlegten Zahlen wird im folgenden nur für die Reihenfolge verwendet – die Höhe spielt dabei nur innerhalb eines Stimmzettel eine Rolle. Weiterhin ist es nicht möglich, „Lücken“ in den Werten zu haben und beispielsweise den Wert 3 ohne den Wert 2 zu vergeben.

SELECT initiative_id, grade FROM vote WHERE (issue_id = 785 AND member_id = ___) ORDER BY grade DESC
vote
Manual and delegated votes without abstentions; Frontends must ensure that no votes are added modified or removed when the issue has been closed.

Hinweis: Das Feld member_id wurde ausgeblendet.

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(1612, 1)

Präferenzen

Durch die Abstimmungen wurden insgesamt 0 explizite und 1053 implizite Präferenzen abgegeben. Eine explizite Präferenz ist dabei eine vom Mitglied ausgedrückte Reihenfolge zwischen zwei Initiativen. Weiterhin wird aus jedem Stimmzettel errechnet, welche Initiativen gegenüber dem Status Quo bevorzugt werden (d.h. mit einer positiven Zahl bewertet werden) bzw. welche abgelehnt werden (d.h. mit einer negativen Zahl bewertet werden). Diese impliziten Präferenzen werden später dazu verwendet zu entscheiden, ob eine Initiative angenommen oder abgelehnt wird.

Präferenztabelle

Die folgende Tabelle fasst alle Präferenzen zusammen. Jeder Eintrag gibt an, wie viele Mitglieder die Initiative der jeweiligen Zeile der Initiative der jeweiligen Spalte bevorzugen. Grün hinterlegte Zellen beschreiben eine mehrheitliche Zustimmung der Initiative in der jeweiligen Zeile verglichen mit der Initiative in der jeweiligen Spalte. Rot hinterlegte Zellen beschreiben eine mehrheitliche Ablehnungen der Initiative in der jeweiligen Zeile verglichen mit der Initiative in der jeweiligen Spalte.

>V 1612 SQ
1612 962
SQ 91

Der Eintrag „SQ“ steht für den Status Quo, der wie eine virtuelle Initiative behandelt wird, die nur mit den impliziten Präferenzen bewertet wird. Wenn ein Mitglied einer Initiative zustimmt, präferiert es diese Initiative gegenüber dem Status Quo. Wenn ein Mitglied hingegen eine Initiative ablehnt, präferiert er den Status Quo gegenüber dieser Initiative. Demnach entspricht die letzte Zeile der Tabelle der Anzahl der Ablehnungen für jede Initiative und die letzte Spalte der Tabelle die Anzahl der Zustimmungen für jede Initiative. Details sind auf dieser Seite beschrieben.

Grafische Darstellung

Die Grafik interpretiert die Tabelle wie folgt: Jeder Kreis entspricht einer Initiative und jeder Pfeil gibt an, wie viele Mitglieder die eine oder die andere Initiative im direkten Vergleich bevorzugen. Die Richtung des Pfeiles stellt eine Mehrheit im direkten Vergleich dar. Bei Gleichstand wird eine Linie ohne Pfeilspitze gezogen. Die Linien sind mit den Präferenzen beschriftet.

Hinweis: Diese Grafik ist nur eine andere Darstellung der Präferenztabelle und gibt lediglich direkte Vergliche, jedoch keine allgemeine Ordnung zwischen Initiativen wieder.

Explizite Präferenzen

Bei einer einzigen Initiative gibt es keine expliziten Präferenzen.

Implizite Präferenzen gegenüber Status Quo

  1. SQ >V 1612
  2. SQ >V 1612
  3. SQ >V 1612
  4. SQ >V 1612
  5. SQ >V 1612
  6. SQ >V 1612
  7. SQ >V 1612
  8. SQ >V 1612
  9. SQ >V 1612
  10. SQ >V 1612
  11. SQ >V 1612
  12. SQ >V 1612
  13. SQ >V 1612
  14. SQ >V 1612
  15. SQ >V 1612
  16. SQ >V 1612
  17. SQ >V 1612
  18. SQ >V 1612
  19. SQ >V 1612
  20. SQ >V 1612
  21. SQ >V 1612
  22. SQ >V 1612
  23. 1612 >V SQ
  24. 1612 >V SQ
  25. SQ >V 1612
  26. SQ >V 1612
  27. SQ >V 1612
  28. SQ >V 1612
  29. SQ >V 1612
  30. SQ >V 1612
  31. SQ >V 1612
  32. SQ >V 1612
  33. SQ >V 1612
  34. SQ >V 1612
  35. SQ >V 1612
  36. SQ >V 1612
  37. SQ >V 1612
  38. SQ >V 1612
  39. SQ >V 1612
  40. SQ >V 1612
  41. SQ >V 1612
  42. SQ >V 1612
  43. 1612 >V SQ
  44. SQ >V 1612
  45. SQ >V 1612
  46. SQ >V 1612
  47. SQ >V 1612
  48. SQ >V 1612
  49. 1612 >V SQ
  50. SQ >V 1612
  51. SQ >V 1612
  52. SQ >V 1612
  53. SQ >V 1612
  54. SQ >V 1612
  55. SQ >V 1612
  56. SQ >V 1612
  57. SQ >V 1612
  58. SQ >V 1612
  59. SQ >V 1612
  60. SQ >V 1612
  61. SQ >V 1612
  62. SQ >V 1612
  63. SQ >V 1612
  64. SQ >V 1612
  65. SQ >V 1612
  66. SQ >V 1612
  67. SQ >V 1612
  68. SQ >V 1612
  69. SQ >V 1612
  70. SQ >V 1612
  71. SQ >V 1612
  72. SQ >V 1612
  73. SQ >V 1612
  74. SQ >V 1612
  75. SQ >V 1612
  76. SQ >V 1612
  77. SQ >V 1612
  78. 1612 >V SQ
  79. SQ >V 1612
  80. SQ >V 1612
  81. SQ >V 1612
  82. SQ >V 1612
  83. SQ >V 1612
  84. 1612 >V SQ
  85. 1612 >V SQ
  86. 1612 >V SQ
  87. 1612 >V SQ
  88. 1612 >V SQ
  89. 1612 >V SQ
  90. 1612 >V SQ
  91. 1612 >V SQ
  92. 1612 >V SQ
  93. 1612 >V SQ
  94. SQ >V 1612
  95. SQ >V 1612
  96. SQ >V 1612
  97. SQ >V 1612
  98. SQ >V 1612
  99. SQ >V 1612
  100. SQ >V 1612
  101. SQ >V 1612
  102. SQ >V 1612
  103. SQ >V 1612
  104. SQ >V 1612
  105. SQ >V 1612
  106. SQ >V 1612
  107. SQ >V 1612
  108. SQ >V 1612
  109. SQ >V 1612
  110. SQ >V 1612
  111. SQ >V 1612
  112. SQ >V 1612
  113. SQ >V 1612
  114. SQ >V 1612
  115. SQ >V 1612
  116. 1612 >V SQ
  117. 1612 >V SQ
  118. 1612 >V SQ
  119. 1612 >V SQ
  120. SQ >V 1612
  121. SQ >V 1612
  122. SQ >V 1612
  123. SQ >V 1612
  124. SQ >V 1612
  125. SQ >V 1612
  126. SQ >V 1612
  127. SQ >V 1612
  128. SQ >V 1612
  129. SQ >V 1612
  130. SQ >V 1612
  131. SQ >V 1612
  132. SQ >V 1612
  133. SQ >V 1612
  134. 1612 >V SQ
  135. SQ >V 1612
  136. SQ >V 1612
  137. SQ >V 1612
  138. SQ >V 1612
  139. SQ >V 1612
  140. SQ >V 1612
  141. SQ >V 1612
  142. SQ >V 1612
  143. SQ >V 1612
  144. SQ >V 1612
  145. SQ >V 1612
  146. SQ >V 1612
  147. SQ >V 1612
  148. SQ >V 1612
  149. SQ >V 1612
  150. SQ >V 1612
  151. SQ >V 1612
  152. SQ >V 1612
  153. SQ >V 1612
  154. SQ >V 1612
  155. SQ >V 1612
  156. SQ >V 1612
  157. SQ >V 1612
  158. SQ >V 1612
  159. SQ >V 1612
  160. 1612 >V SQ
  161. SQ >V 1612
  162. SQ >V 1612
  163. SQ >V 1612
  164. SQ >V 1612
  165. SQ >V 1612
  166. 1612 >V SQ
  167. SQ >V 1612
  168. SQ >V 1612
  169. SQ >V 1612
  170. SQ >V 1612
  171. SQ >V 1612
  172. SQ >V 1612
  173. SQ >V 1612
  174. SQ >V 1612
  175. SQ >V 1612
  176. SQ >V 1612
  177. SQ >V 1612
  178. SQ >V 1612
  179. SQ >V 1612
  180. SQ >V 1612
  181. SQ >V 1612
  182. SQ >V 1612
  183. SQ >V 1612
  184. SQ >V 1612
  185. SQ >V 1612
  186. SQ >V 1612
  187. SQ >V 1612
  188. 1612 >V SQ
  189. 1612 >V SQ
  190. 1612 >V SQ
  191. SQ >V 1612
  192. SQ >V 1612
  193. SQ >V 1612
  194. SQ >V 1612
  195. SQ >V 1612
  196. SQ >V 1612
  197. SQ >V 1612
  198. SQ >V 1612
  199. SQ >V 1612
  200. SQ >V 1612
  201. SQ >V 1612
  202. SQ >V 1612
  203. SQ >V 1612
  204. SQ >V 1612
  205. SQ >V 1612
  206. SQ >V 1612
  207. SQ >V 1612
  208. SQ >V 1612
  209. 1612 >V SQ
  210. SQ >V 1612
  211. SQ >V 1612
  212. SQ >V 1612
  213. SQ >V 1612
  214. SQ >V 1612
  215. SQ >V 1612
  216. SQ >V 1612
  217. SQ >V 1612
  218. SQ >V 1612
  219. SQ >V 1612
  220. SQ >V 1612
  221. SQ >V 1612
  222. SQ >V 1612
  223. 1612 >V SQ
  224. 1612 >V SQ
  225. 1612 >V SQ
  226. SQ >V 1612
  227. SQ >V 1612
  228. SQ >V 1612
  229. 1612 >V SQ
  230. 1612 >V SQ
  231. 1612 >V SQ
  232. 1612 >V SQ
  233. SQ >V 1612
  234. SQ >V 1612
  235. SQ >V 1612
  236. SQ >V 1612
  237. SQ >V 1612
  238. 1612 >V SQ
  239. SQ >V 1612
  240. SQ >V 1612
  241. SQ >V 1612
  242. SQ >V 1612
  243. SQ >V 1612
  244. SQ >V 1612
  245. SQ >V 1612
  246. SQ >V 1612
  247. SQ >V 1612
  248. SQ >V 1612
  249. SQ >V 1612
  250. SQ >V 1612
  251. SQ >V 1612
  252. SQ >V 1612
  253. 1612 >V SQ
  254. SQ >V 1612
  255. SQ >V 1612
  256. SQ >V 1612
  257. SQ >V 1612
  258. SQ >V 1612
  259. SQ >V 1612
  260. SQ >V 1612
  261. SQ >V 1612
  262. SQ >V 1612
  263. SQ >V 1612
  264. SQ >V 1612
  265. SQ >V 1612
  266. SQ >V 1612
  267. SQ >V 1612
  268. SQ >V 1612
  269. SQ >V 1612
  270. SQ >V 1612
  271. SQ >V 1612
  272. SQ >V 1612
  273. SQ >V 1612
  274. SQ >V 1612
  275. SQ >V 1612
  276. SQ >V 1612
  277. SQ >V 1612
  278. SQ >V 1612
  279. SQ >V 1612
  280. SQ >V 1612
  281. SQ >V 1612
  282. SQ >V 1612
  283. SQ >V 1612
  284. SQ >V 1612
  285. SQ >V 1612
  286. SQ >V 1612
  287. SQ >V 1612
  288. SQ >V 1612
  289. SQ >V 1612
  290. SQ >V 1612
  291. SQ >V 1612
  292. SQ >V 1612
  293. SQ >V 1612
  294. SQ >V 1612
  295. SQ >V 1612
  296. SQ >V 1612
  297. SQ >V 1612
  298. SQ >V 1612
  299. SQ >V 1612
  300. SQ >V 1612
  301. SQ >V 1612
  302. SQ >V 1612
  303. SQ >V 1612
  304. SQ >V 1612
  305. 1612 >V SQ
  306. 1612 >V SQ
  307. SQ >V 1612
  308. SQ >V 1612
  309. SQ >V 1612
  310. SQ >V 1612
  311. SQ >V 1612
  312. SQ >V 1612
  313. SQ >V 1612
  314. SQ >V 1612
  315. SQ >V 1612
  316. SQ >V 1612
  317. SQ >V 1612
  318. SQ >V 1612
  319. SQ >V 1612
  320. SQ >V 1612
  321. SQ >V 1612
  322. SQ >V 1612
  323. SQ >V 1612
  324. SQ >V 1612
  325. SQ >V 1612
  326. SQ >V 1612
  327. 1612 >V SQ
  328. SQ >V 1612
  329. SQ >V 1612
  330. SQ >V 1612
  331. SQ >V 1612
  332. SQ >V 1612
  333. SQ >V 1612
  334. SQ >V 1612
  335. SQ >V 1612
  336. SQ >V 1612
  337. 1612 >V SQ
  338. SQ >V 1612
  339. SQ >V 1612
  340. SQ >V 1612
  341. SQ >V 1612
  342. SQ >V 1612
  343. SQ >V 1612
  344. SQ >V 1612
  345. SQ >V 1612
  346. SQ >V 1612
  347. SQ >V 1612
  348. SQ >V 1612
  349. SQ >V 1612
  350. SQ >V 1612
  351. SQ >V 1612
  352. SQ >V 1612
  353. SQ >V 1612
  354. SQ >V 1612
  355. SQ >V 1612
  356. SQ >V 1612
  357. SQ >V 1612
  358. SQ >V 1612
  359. SQ >V 1612
  360. SQ >V 1612
  361. SQ >V 1612
  362. SQ >V 1612
  363. SQ >V 1612
  364. SQ >V 1612
  365. SQ >V 1612
  366. SQ >V 1612
  367. SQ >V 1612
  368. SQ >V 1612
  369. SQ >V 1612
  370. SQ >V 1612
  371. SQ >V 1612
  372. SQ >V 1612
  373. SQ >V 1612
  374. SQ >V 1612
  375. SQ >V 1612
  376. SQ >V 1612
  377. SQ >V 1612
  378. SQ >V 1612
  379. SQ >V 1612
  380. SQ >V 1612
  381. SQ >V 1612
  382. SQ >V 1612
  383. SQ >V 1612
  384. SQ >V 1612
  385. SQ >V 1612
  386. SQ >V 1612
  387. SQ >V 1612
  388. SQ >V 1612
  389. SQ >V 1612
  390. SQ >V 1612
  391. 1612 >V SQ
  392. SQ >V 1612
  393. SQ >V 1612
  394. SQ >V 1612
  395. SQ >V 1612
  396. SQ >V 1612
  397. SQ >V 1612
  398. 1612 >V SQ
  399. SQ >V 1612
  400. SQ >V 1612
  401. SQ >V 1612
  402. SQ >V 1612
  403. SQ >V 1612
  404. SQ >V 1612
  405. SQ >V 1612
  406. SQ >V 1612
  407. SQ >V 1612
  408. SQ >V 1612
  409. SQ >V 1612
  410. SQ >V 1612
  411. SQ >V 1612
  412. SQ >V 1612
  413. SQ >V 1612
  414. SQ >V 1612
  415. SQ >V 1612
  416. SQ >V 1612
  417. SQ >V 1612
  418. SQ >V 1612
  419. SQ >V 1612
  420. SQ >V 1612
  421. SQ >V 1612
  422. SQ >V 1612
  423. SQ >V 1612
  424. 1612 >V SQ
  425. SQ >V 1612
  426. SQ >V 1612
  427. SQ >V 1612
  428. SQ >V 1612
  429. SQ >V 1612
  430. SQ >V 1612
  431. SQ >V 1612
  432. SQ >V 1612
  433. SQ >V 1612
  434. SQ >V 1612
  435. SQ >V 1612
  436. SQ >V 1612
  437. 1612 >V SQ
  438. SQ >V 1612
  439. SQ >V 1612
  440. SQ >V 1612
  441. SQ >V 1612
  442. SQ >V 1612
  443. SQ >V 1612
  444. SQ >V 1612
  445. SQ >V 1612
  446. SQ >V 1612
  447. 1612 >V SQ
  448. SQ >V 1612
  449. SQ >V 1612
  450. SQ >V 1612
  451. SQ >V 1612
  452. 1612 >V SQ
  453. SQ >V 1612
  454. SQ >V 1612
  455. SQ >V 1612
  456. SQ >V 1612
  457. SQ >V 1612
  458. SQ >V 1612
  459. SQ >V 1612
  460. SQ >V 1612
  461. SQ >V 1612
  462. SQ >V 1612
  463. SQ >V 1612
  464. SQ >V 1612
  465. SQ >V 1612
  466. SQ >V 1612
  467. SQ >V 1612
  468. SQ >V 1612
  469. SQ >V 1612
  470. SQ >V 1612
  471. SQ >V 1612
  472. SQ >V 1612
  473. SQ >V 1612
  474. SQ >V 1612
  475. SQ >V 1612
  476. SQ >V 1612
  477. SQ >V 1612
  478. SQ >V 1612
  479. SQ >V 1612
  480. SQ >V 1612
  481. SQ >V 1612
  482. SQ >V 1612
  483. SQ >V 1612
  484. SQ >V 1612
  485. SQ >V 1612
  486. SQ >V 1612
  487. SQ >V 1612
  488. SQ >V 1612
  489. SQ >V 1612
  490. 1612 >V SQ
  491. SQ >V 1612
  492. SQ >V 1612
  493. SQ >V 1612
  494. SQ >V 1612
  495. SQ >V 1612
  496. SQ >V 1612
  497. 1612 >V SQ
  498. SQ >V 1612
  499. SQ >V 1612
  500. 1612 >V SQ
  501. SQ >V 1612
  502. SQ >V 1612
  503. 1612 >V SQ
  504. 1612 >V SQ
  505. SQ >V 1612
  506. SQ >V 1612
  507. SQ >V 1612
  508. SQ >V 1612
  509. SQ >V 1612
  510. SQ >V 1612
  511. SQ >V 1612
  512. SQ >V 1612
  513. SQ >V 1612
  514. SQ >V 1612
  515. SQ >V 1612
  516. SQ >V 1612
  517. SQ >V 1612
  518. SQ >V 1612
  519. 1612 >V SQ
  520. SQ >V 1612
  521. SQ >V 1612
  522. SQ >V 1612
  523. SQ >V 1612
  524. SQ >V 1612
  525. SQ >V 1612
  526. SQ >V 1612
  527. SQ >V 1612
  528. SQ >V 1612
  529. SQ >V 1612
  530. SQ >V 1612
  531. SQ >V 1612
  532. SQ >V 1612
  533. SQ >V 1612
  534. SQ >V 1612
  535. SQ >V 1612
  536. SQ >V 1612
  537. SQ >V 1612
  538. SQ >V 1612
  539. SQ >V 1612
  540. SQ >V 1612
  541. 1612 >V SQ
  542. SQ >V 1612
  543. SQ >V 1612
  544. SQ >V 1612
  545. SQ >V 1612
  546. SQ >V 1612
  547. SQ >V 1612
  548. SQ >V 1612
  549. SQ >V 1612
  550. SQ >V 1612
  551. SQ >V 1612
  552. SQ >V 1612
  553. SQ >V 1612
  554. SQ >V 1612
  555. SQ >V 1612
  556. SQ >V 1612
  557. SQ >V 1612
  558. SQ >V 1612
  559. SQ >V 1612
  560. 1612 >V SQ
  561. SQ >V 1612
  562. SQ >V 1612
  563. SQ >V 1612
  564. SQ >V 1612
  565. SQ >V 1612
  566. SQ >V 1612
  567. SQ >V 1612
  568. SQ >V 1612
  569. SQ >V 1612
  570. SQ >V 1612
  571. SQ >V 1612
  572. SQ >V 1612
  573. SQ >V 1612
  574. 1612 >V SQ
  575. SQ >V 1612
  576. SQ >V 1612
  577. 1612 >V SQ
  578. SQ >V 1612
  579. SQ >V 1612
  580. 1612 >V SQ
  581. SQ >V 1612
  582. SQ >V 1612
  583. SQ >V 1612
  584. SQ >V 1612
  585. SQ >V 1612
  586. SQ >V 1612
  587. SQ >V 1612
  588. SQ >V 1612
  589. SQ >V 1612
  590. 1612 >V SQ
  591. SQ >V 1612
  592. 1612 >V SQ
  593. SQ >V 1612
  594. SQ >V 1612
  595. SQ >V 1612
  596. 1612 >V SQ
  597. 1612 >V SQ
  598. SQ >V 1612
  599. SQ >V 1612
  600. SQ >V 1612
  601. SQ >V 1612
  602. SQ >V 1612
  603. SQ >V 1612
  604. SQ >V 1612
  605. SQ >V 1612
  606. SQ >V 1612
  607. SQ >V 1612
  608. SQ >V 1612
  609. SQ >V 1612
  610. SQ >V 1612
  611. SQ >V 1612
  612. SQ >V 1612
  613. SQ >V 1612
  614. SQ >V 1612
  615. SQ >V 1612
  616. SQ >V 1612
  617. 1612 >V SQ
  618. SQ >V 1612
  619. SQ >V 1612
  620. SQ >V 1612
  621. SQ >V 1612
  622. SQ >V 1612
  623. 1612 >V SQ
  624. SQ >V 1612
  625. SQ >V 1612
  626. SQ >V 1612
  627. 1612 >V SQ
  628. SQ >V 1612
  629. SQ >V 1612
  630. SQ >V 1612
  631. SQ >V 1612
  632. 1612 >V SQ
  633. SQ >V 1612
  634. SQ >V 1612
  635. SQ >V 1612
  636. SQ >V 1612
  637. 1612 >V SQ
  638. SQ >V 1612
  639. SQ >V 1612
  640. SQ >V 1612
  641. SQ >V 1612
  642. SQ >V 1612
  643. SQ >V 1612
  644. SQ >V 1612
  645. SQ >V 1612
  646. SQ >V 1612
  647. SQ >V 1612
  648. SQ >V 1612
  649. SQ >V 1612
  650. SQ >V 1612
  651. SQ >V 1612
  652. SQ >V 1612
  653. SQ >V 1612
  654. SQ >V 1612
  655. 1612 >V SQ
  656. SQ >V 1612
  657. SQ >V 1612
  658. SQ >V 1612
  659. SQ >V 1612
  660. SQ >V 1612
  661. SQ >V 1612
  662. SQ >V 1612
  663. SQ >V 1612
  664. SQ >V 1612
  665. SQ >V 1612
  666. SQ >V 1612
  667. 1612 >V SQ
  668. SQ >V 1612
  669. SQ >V 1612
  670. SQ >V 1612
  671. SQ >V 1612
  672. SQ >V 1612
  673. SQ >V 1612
  674. SQ >V 1612
  675. SQ >V 1612
  676. SQ >V 1612
  677. SQ >V 1612
  678. SQ >V 1612
  679. SQ >V 1612
  680. SQ >V 1612
  681. SQ >V 1612
  682. SQ >V 1612
  683. SQ >V 1612
  684. SQ >V 1612
  685. SQ >V 1612
  686. SQ >V 1612
  687. SQ >V 1612
  688. SQ >V 1612
  689. SQ >V 1612
  690. SQ >V 1612
  691. SQ >V 1612
  692. 1612 >V SQ
  693. SQ >V 1612
  694. SQ >V 1612
  695. SQ >V 1612
  696. SQ >V 1612
  697. SQ >V 1612
  698. SQ >V 1612
  699. SQ >V 1612
  700. SQ >V 1612
  701. SQ >V 1612
  702. SQ >V 1612
  703. SQ >V 1612
  704. SQ >V 1612
  705. SQ >V 1612
  706. SQ >V 1612
  707. SQ >V 1612
  708. SQ >V 1612
  709. SQ >V 1612
  710. SQ >V 1612
  711. SQ >V 1612
  712. SQ >V 1612
  713. 1612 >V SQ
  714. 1612 >V SQ
  715. SQ >V 1612
  716. SQ >V 1612
  717. 1612 >V SQ
  718. SQ >V 1612
  719. SQ >V 1612
  720. SQ >V 1612
  721. SQ >V 1612
  722. SQ >V 1612
  723. SQ >V 1612
  724. SQ >V 1612
  725. SQ >V 1612
  726. SQ >V 1612
  727. SQ >V 1612
  728. SQ >V 1612
  729. SQ >V 1612
  730. SQ >V 1612
  731. SQ >V 1612
  732. SQ >V 1612
  733. SQ >V 1612
  734. SQ >V 1612
  735. SQ >V 1612
  736. SQ >V 1612
  737. SQ >V 1612
  738. SQ >V 1612
  739. SQ >V 1612
  740. SQ >V 1612
  741. SQ >V 1612
  742. SQ >V 1612
  743. SQ >V 1612
  744. SQ >V 1612
  745. SQ >V 1612
  746. SQ >V 1612
  747. SQ >V 1612
  748. 1612 >V SQ
  749. SQ >V 1612
  750. SQ >V 1612
  751. SQ >V 1612
  752. SQ >V 1612
  753. SQ >V 1612
  754. SQ >V 1612
  755. SQ >V 1612
  756. SQ >V 1612
  757. SQ >V 1612
  758. SQ >V 1612
  759. SQ >V 1612
  760. SQ >V 1612
  761. SQ >V 1612
  762. SQ >V 1612
  763. SQ >V 1612
  764. SQ >V 1612
  765. SQ >V 1612
  766. SQ >V 1612
  767. SQ >V 1612
  768. SQ >V 1612
  769. SQ >V 1612
  770. SQ >V 1612
  771. SQ >V 1612
  772. SQ >V 1612
  773. SQ >V 1612
  774. SQ >V 1612
  775. SQ >V 1612
  776. SQ >V 1612
  777. SQ >V 1612
  778. SQ >V 1612
  779. SQ >V 1612
  780. SQ >V 1612
  781. SQ >V 1612
  782. SQ >V 1612
  783. SQ >V 1612
  784. SQ >V 1612
  785. SQ >V 1612
  786. SQ >V 1612
  787. SQ >V 1612
  788. SQ >V 1612
  789. SQ >V 1612
  790. SQ >V 1612
  791. SQ >V 1612
  792. SQ >V 1612
  793. SQ >V 1612
  794. SQ >V 1612
  795. SQ >V 1612
  796. SQ >V 1612
  797. SQ >V 1612
  798. SQ >V 1612
  799. SQ >V 1612
  800. SQ >V 1612
  801. SQ >V 1612
  802. SQ >V 1612
  803. SQ >V 1612
  804. SQ >V 1612
  805. SQ >V 1612
  806. SQ >V 1612
  807. 1612 >V SQ
  808. SQ >V 1612
  809. SQ >V 1612
  810. SQ >V 1612
  811. SQ >V 1612
  812. SQ >V 1612
  813. SQ >V 1612
  814. SQ >V 1612
  815. SQ >V 1612
  816. SQ >V 1612
  817. SQ >V 1612
  818. SQ >V 1612
  819. SQ >V 1612
  820. SQ >V 1612
  821. SQ >V 1612
  822. SQ >V 1612
  823. SQ >V 1612
  824. SQ >V 1612
  825. SQ >V 1612
  826. SQ >V 1612
  827. SQ >V 1612
  828. SQ >V 1612
  829. SQ >V 1612
  830. SQ >V 1612
  831. SQ >V 1612
  832. SQ >V 1612
  833. 1612 >V SQ
  834. SQ >V 1612
  835. SQ >V 1612
  836. 1612 >V SQ
  837. SQ >V 1612
  838. SQ >V 1612
  839. SQ >V 1612
  840. SQ >V 1612
  841. SQ >V 1612
  842. SQ >V 1612
  843. SQ >V 1612
  844. SQ >V 1612
  845. SQ >V 1612
  846. SQ >V 1612
  847. SQ >V 1612
  848. SQ >V 1612
  849. 1612 >V SQ
  850. SQ >V 1612
  851. SQ >V 1612
  852. SQ >V 1612
  853. SQ >V 1612
  854. SQ >V 1612
  855. SQ >V 1612
  856. SQ >V 1612
  857. SQ >V 1612
  858. SQ >V 1612
  859. SQ >V 1612
  860. SQ >V 1612
  861. SQ >V 1612
  862. SQ >V 1612
  863. SQ >V 1612
  864. SQ >V 1612
  865. SQ >V 1612
  866. SQ >V 1612
  867. 1612 >V SQ
  868. 1612 >V SQ
  869. SQ >V 1612
  870. SQ >V 1612
  871. SQ >V 1612
  872. 1612 >V SQ
  873. SQ >V 1612
  874. SQ >V 1612
  875. SQ >V 1612
  876. SQ >V 1612
  877. SQ >V 1612
  878. SQ >V 1612
  879. SQ >V 1612
  880. 1612 >V SQ
  881. SQ >V 1612
  882. SQ >V 1612
  883. SQ >V 1612
  884. SQ >V 1612
  885. SQ >V 1612
  886. SQ >V 1612
  887. SQ >V 1612
  888. SQ >V 1612
  889. SQ >V 1612
  890. SQ >V 1612
  891. SQ >V 1612
  892. SQ >V 1612
  893. SQ >V 1612
  894. SQ >V 1612
  895. SQ >V 1612
  896. SQ >V 1612
  897. SQ >V 1612
  898. 1612 >V SQ
  899. SQ >V 1612
  900. SQ >V 1612
  901. SQ >V 1612
  902. SQ >V 1612
  903. 1612 >V SQ
  904. SQ >V 1612
  905. SQ >V 1612
  906. SQ >V 1612
  907. SQ >V 1612
  908. SQ >V 1612
  909. SQ >V 1612
  910. SQ >V 1612
  911. SQ >V 1612
  912. SQ >V 1612
  913. SQ >V 1612
  914. SQ >V 1612
  915. SQ >V 1612
  916. SQ >V 1612
  917. SQ >V 1612
  918. SQ >V 1612
  919. SQ >V 1612
  920. SQ >V 1612
  921. SQ >V 1612
  922. SQ >V 1612
  923. SQ >V 1612
  924. SQ >V 1612
  925. SQ >V 1612
  926. SQ >V 1612
  927. SQ >V 1612
  928. SQ >V 1612
  929. SQ >V 1612
  930. SQ >V 1612
  931. SQ >V 1612
  932. SQ >V 1612
  933. 1612 >V SQ
  934. 1612 >V SQ
  935. 1612 >V SQ
  936. 1612 >V SQ
  937. 1612 >V SQ
  938. 1612 >V SQ
  939. SQ >V 1612
  940. SQ >V 1612
  941. SQ >V 1612
  942. SQ >V 1612
  943. 1612 >V SQ
  944. SQ >V 1612
  945. SQ >V 1612
  946. SQ >V 1612
  947. SQ >V 1612
  948. SQ >V 1612
  949. SQ >V 1612
  950. SQ >V 1612
  951. SQ >V 1612
  952. SQ >V 1612
  953. SQ >V 1612
  954. SQ >V 1612
  955. SQ >V 1612
  956. SQ >V 1612
  957. SQ >V 1612
  958. SQ >V 1612
  959. SQ >V 1612
  960. SQ >V 1612
  961. SQ >V 1612
  962. SQ >V 1612
  963. SQ >V 1612
  964. SQ >V 1612
  965. SQ >V 1612
  966. SQ >V 1612
  967. SQ >V 1612
  968. SQ >V 1612
  969. SQ >V 1612
  970. SQ >V 1612
  971. SQ >V 1612
  972. SQ >V 1612
  973. SQ >V 1612
  974. SQ >V 1612
  975. SQ >V 1612
  976. SQ >V 1612
  977. SQ >V 1612
  978. SQ >V 1612
  979. SQ >V 1612
  980. SQ >V 1612
  981. SQ >V 1612
  982. SQ >V 1612
  983. SQ >V 1612
  984. 1612 >V SQ
  985. SQ >V 1612
  986. SQ >V 1612
  987. SQ >V 1612
  988. SQ >V 1612
  989. SQ >V 1612
  990. SQ >V 1612
  991. SQ >V 1612
  992. SQ >V 1612
  993. SQ >V 1612
  994. SQ >V 1612
  995. SQ >V 1612
  996. SQ >V 1612
  997. SQ >V 1612
  998. SQ >V 1612
  999. SQ >V 1612
  1000. SQ >V 1612
  1001. SQ >V 1612
  1002. SQ >V 1612
  1003. SQ >V 1612
  1004. SQ >V 1612
  1005. SQ >V 1612
  1006. SQ >V 1612
  1007. SQ >V 1612
  1008. SQ >V 1612
  1009. SQ >V 1612
  1010. SQ >V 1612
  1011. SQ >V 1612
  1012. SQ >V 1612
  1013. SQ >V 1612
  1014. SQ >V 1612
  1015. SQ >V 1612
  1016. SQ >V 1612
  1017. SQ >V 1612
  1018. SQ >V 1612
  1019. SQ >V 1612
  1020. SQ >V 1612
  1021. SQ >V 1612
  1022. 1612 >V SQ
  1023. SQ >V 1612
  1024. SQ >V 1612
  1025. SQ >V 1612
  1026. SQ >V 1612
  1027. SQ >V 1612
  1028. SQ >V 1612
  1029. SQ >V 1612
  1030. SQ >V 1612
  1031. SQ >V 1612
  1032. SQ >V 1612
  1033. SQ >V 1612
  1034. SQ >V 1612
  1035. SQ >V 1612
  1036. SQ >V 1612
  1037. SQ >V 1612
  1038. SQ >V 1612
  1039. SQ >V 1612
  1040. SQ >V 1612
  1041. SQ >V 1612
  1042. SQ >V 1612
  1043. SQ >V 1612
  1044. SQ >V 1612
  1045. SQ >V 1612
  1046. SQ >V 1612
  1047. SQ >V 1612
  1048. SQ >V 1612
  1049. SQ >V 1612
  1050. SQ >V 1612
  1051. SQ >V 1612
  1052. SQ >V 1612
  1053. SQ >V 1612

Schulze-Methode

Um aus der Präferenztabelle eine allgemeine Ordnung der Initiativen zu finden wird die Schulze-Methode verwendet. Diese vergleicht nun die Initiativen nicht nur direkt, sondern auch indirekt. Dabei wird davon ausgegangen, dass Präferenzen transitiv sind, d.h. dass ein Mitglied, dass Initiative A gegenüber B präferiert und B gegenüber C, dann auch A gegenüber C präferieren würde.

Die Schulze-Methode ermittelt nun für jeweils zwei Initiativen A und B die höchste Präferenz, indem nicht nur die direkte Verbindung zwischen A und B, sondern auch indirekte Verbindungen zwischen A und C sowie C und B verglichen werden. Das Ergebnis sind dann die sogenannten stärksten Wege.

Tabelle der stärksten Wege

Die folgende Tabelle fasst alle stärksten Wege zusammen. Jeder Eintrag gibt die Stärke des besten Weges zwischen der Initiative der jeweiligen Zeile der Initiative der jeweiligen Spalte an.

PD 1612 SQ
1612 962
SQ 91

Werte, die sich gegenüber der Präferenztabelle unterscheiden, sind fett hervorgehoben. Es ist durchaus möglich, dass gerade bei Abstimmungen zwischen wenigen Initiativen diese Tabelle mit der ursprünglichen Präferenztabelle übereinstimmt. In diesem Fall konnte kein besserer Weg zwischen den jeweiligen Initiativen gefunden werden.

Grafische Darstellung

Schulze-Rang

Mithilfe der stärksten Wege kann nun jede Initiative mit jeder anderen verglichen werden. Da es sein kann, dass mehrere Initiativen gleich gut sind, ist das Ergebnis der Schulze-Methode in der Regel Halbordnung. Dies bedeutet, dass es nicht nur mehrere Siegerinitiativen geben kann, sondern auch, dass nur durch zusätzliche Regeln eine feste Reihenfolge zwischen ansonsten gleich guten Initiativen gefunden werden muss.

Grafische Darstellung

Das Ergebnis der Schulze-Methode kann grafisch so aufgefasst werden, dass ein Pfeil zwischen Initiative A und Initiative B bedeutet, dass im Endergebnis Initiative A besser als Initiative B ist:

Die Grafik wurde zur erhöhten Lesbarkeit transitiv reduziert, d.h. das Pfeile, die sich aus anderen Pfeilen ableiten lassen weggelassen wurden. Wenn beispielsweise Initiative A besser ist als Initiative B und C ist und Initiative B wiederum besser ist als Initiative C ist, dann kann der Pfeil zwischen A und C weggelassen werden.

Eine besondere Rolle spielt bei dieser Halbordnung der Status Quo (blau eingezeichnet). Jede Initiative, die nicht besser als der Status Quo ist (in der Grafik rot eingezeichnet), wird im späteren Verfahren der Siegerermittlung automatisch abgelehnt.

Vollständige Rangfolge

Die oben dargestellt Halbordnung kann mithilfe einer topologischen Sortierung in eine vollständige Ordnung überführt werden. Diese Sortierung hat die Eigenschaft, dass alle in der Halbordnung festgelegten Reihenfolgen eigehalten werden, jedoch bisher ungeordnete Initiativen in eine (potenziell willkürliche) Ordnung gebracht werden.

Im konkreten Fall ist die Ordnung eindeutig.

  1. Initiative 1612: Grundsatzprogramm Religion - Trennung von Stadt und Kirche
  2. Status Quo

O = { [1612,SQ] }

Annehmen und Ablehnen von Initiativen

Neben den reinen Präferenzen spielen auch weitere Regeln eine Rolle bei der Ermittlung der Abstimmungssieger.

Dieses Thema wurde mit dem Regelwerk Programmantrag abgestimmt. In diesem Regelwerk werden Initiativen nur angenommen, wenn

  1. ihr Schulze-Rang besser als der des Status Quo ist und
  2. es mehr als doppelt so viele Zustimmungen wie Ablehnungen gibt.

Falls eines dieser Kriterien verletzt wird, wird die jeweilige Initiativen bei der Ermittlung des Siegers nicht weiter berücksichtigt.

Ergebnisse

  • Initiative 1612: Grundsatzprogramm Religion - Trennung von Stadt und Kirche angenommen
    • 962 Zustimmungen
    • 91 Ablehnungen
    • 90 Enthaltungen
    • Verhältnis von Zustimmungen und Ablehnungen ist ausreichend
    • Schulze-Rang ist besser als Status Quo
SELECT policy_id FROM issue WHERE (id = '785') ORDER BY id
SELECT name, direct_majority_num, direct_majority_den, direct_majority_strict FROM policy WHERE (id = 2) ORDER BY id
vote
Manual and delegated votes without abstentions; Frontends must ensure that no votes are added modified or removed when the issue has been closed.
policy
Policies for a particular proceeding type (timelimits, quorum)
(2,)
('Programmantrag', 2, 3, True)

Gewinner

Entsprechend der Schulze-Methode gibt es folgende Gewinner:

Gewinner Initiative 1612: Grundsatzprogramm Religion - Trennung von Stadt und Kirche

Diese Initiative hat den besten Schulze-Rang unter den angenommenen Initiativen.